Pic.2-9 again, as 30 years ago, exiles may bring along with them to
Siberia only the very basic belongings - or rely on their own skills to produce
"Better life" came to abrupt end by late 1920s - new Soviet regime began enforcing collectivization, as well as the policy of 'raskulachivanie,' that is, the expropriation of property from any prosperous owners.
Misha turned 11 then Kalashnikovs were labelled "kulaks" and Kombed (Committee of Poverty organized by the Bolsheviks) deprived the family of cattle, poultry, wheat, potatoes and everything else considered a "surpluses" - and in the end set their home on fire.
The definition of "kulak" was quite expansive - often it meant anyone who had a little more than other also desperately poor people, but enough to excite envy, and who also lacked social skills or connections or were recent immigrants to the area (i.s., whose families hadn't been in the neighborhood for 300 years).
De-kulakization was originally supported by the poorer peasants because they believed the land would be given to them, not become collective farms... poor dreamers.
Thus, in 1930 along with many other families from Kurya, Kalashnikovs were deprived of property and exiled to Siberia - only elder children who'd got married prior to 1930 were allowed to stay (namely, Misha's sisters Agasha, Anna and his brother Victor).
Ahead of the family lied an exhausting trip from steppe areas of Altai to primeval taiga of Siberia - to village Nizhnyaya Mokhovaya, Bokcharsky area (Tomsk region).